7.1 Character education (Thomas Lickona) 品格教育
Bennett, W. J. 編著(1998)。《美德書：偉大勵志故事的寶藏》(吳美真譯)。台北市：圓神出版社有限公司。
Benninga, J. S. (Ed.) (1991) Moral, character and civil education in the elementary school. New York: Teachers College Press.
This book is a recurring theme in American education, and reasonable people disagree over which approach is best suited to achieve the desired goal. This book presents two prevalent methods of instruction: direct and indirect approaches. The volume also presents various curricular programs, that represent each philosophic position and are designed to enhance democratic values in youth. The last chapter synthesizes the various perspectives and programs presented and offers a guide for evaluation of schools that implement moral and character programs.
Lickona, T. (1976). Moral development and behavior theory, research, and social issues. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
The chapters in this book represent the viewpoints of cognitive – developmental psychology, psychology, psychoanalysis, psychobiology and etc. Morality emerges from this multiplicity of perspectives as one of the major interdisciplinary crossroads. It offers a broad integrative framework for dealing with a wide range of theoretical and empirical concerns in the study of both children development and adult behavior. It is a whole testifies to the centrality of morality in human behavior.
Lickona, T. (1991). Educating for character: How our schools can teach respect and responsibility. New York, N.Y.: Bantam.
In this book, Dr. Lickona discusses the educator as role model, mentor, and caregiver. Also, he suggests that the classroom as a moral community, in which civility and compassion are part of the curriculum. Positive patterns of discipline are very important involving home and school. Creating a positive moral culture in school in order to let the students to take moral education seriously. Schools, Parents and Communities should work together.
Myers, R. E. (1999) Character Matters. Glenview, IL : Good Year Books.
In this book, there are more than 40 short scenarios (stories), by means of discussion and investigation, students are to discover and rediscover for themselves some of the precepts that they have been exposed to at home and at school. By thinking about the stories and ideas presented in the book, students can gain insights about what their lives can and should be in the 21 century. Help them to build the fundamentals of their character.
Noblit, G. W. & Dempsey, V. O. (1996). The social construction of virtue: The moral life of schools. Albany State: University of New York Press.
In this book, the authors suggest that how schools construct moral life. The focus in on two elementary schools, described are the histories of these schools, the communities in which they are located, and some of the people who influenced and were influenced by the schools. From those contexts, the authors make explicit the “virtues” that these communities and schools constructed and valued, and describe how those virtues came to influence lives.
Nucci, L. P. (?). Moral Development and character education. Berkeley, Calif.: MuCutchan Publishing Corporation.
This book emerged out of a conference sponsored by the Association for Moral Education, which brought together in November 1986 the principal researchers and scholars from the developmental and character education schools of thought. This book contains chapters based on the major papers presented at the conference. The volume is divided into two parts. The first part contains chapters by proponents of character education; the second is composed of chapters by developmentalists.
Rusnak, T (Ed.). (1998). An integrated approach to character education. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Corwin Press.
This book describes how almost 20 years of systematic cross-cultural research on the issue of character acquisition has evolved into successful classroom and school practices. It is hoped that the six principles of the integrated approach can foster academic success and help children to become productive and contributive members of society.
Ryan, K. & Lickona, T. (1992). Character development in schools and beyond. Washington, D.C.: The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
There are some essays from different representatives about moral in America. They mention how family, church, school, and people affecting the character development. Some essays will help people along enormously – give people plenty of reasons to stop and consider what people want morally for their children, for themselves. There has been aching void in the literature of moral reflection as it ought to apply to education, and this book addresses that absence boldly and thoughtfully.
Vessels, G. G. (1998). Character and community development: A school planning and teaching training handbook. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
Identifying “character” as ultimate goal for children will give the new perspective on child development and education in order to truly reform schools and strengthen communities.
Williams, M. & DeRoche, E. (1998). Educating hearts and minds: A comprehensive character education framework. USA: Corwin Press.
In this book, the authors provide a framework for a comprehensive character education program that includes, vision, standards, expectations, criteria, leadership, resources, training, partnerships, and assessment. A unique feature of this book is the standards, which serve as the benchmarks for program development that are so needed in character education programs.
Wynne, E. A. & Ryan, K. (1993) Reclaiming our schools: A handbook on teaching character, academics, and discipline. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Chapter 3 P.57-63.
This is a handbook for educators interested in teaching morals. This book explains about character can be taught in schools and classrooms. The book shows readers how to conduct such instruction. It also provides some practical suggestions.
Brooks, B.D. & Kann, M.E. (1993, November). What makes character education programs work? Educational Leadership, pp.19-21.
This paper reports the results of the staff at Limerick School participating in the Jefferson Center-LAUSD pilot project, which promotes the implementation of eleven essential elements of character education.
Leming, J. (1993, November). In search of effective character education. Educational Leadership, pp.63-71.
This paper states that better research and evaluative methods are needed to help develop effective character education programs. At present, the lack of a coherent approach results in the inability to provide a focus to character education and guide curriculum planning.
Lickona, T. (1993, November). The return of character education. Educational Leadership, pp.6-11.
This paper stresses on a re-evaluation of the school’s role in teaching values, as the moral condition of the American society is raising alarm. It argues that school education considerably affects the development of values and character of students.
Wynne, E.A. (Jan/Feb 1995). Transmitting character in schools-some common questions and answers. Clearing House (vol 68,3), pp. 151-155.
This paper is about character formation of pupils. It presents a question-and-answer dialogue on the personality development of students. It also stresses the differences between school activities that stress values and those that stress character. Schools should move in a ‘for character’ direction to enrich pupil character formation.
This web page is provided by a teacher from Taiwan. It is about a 120-minute lesson plan on honesty for P.3 students. Students can learn from playing games, doing art works, singing and holding dialogues.
Character Education Materials [Online]. Available: http://www.clre.org/material/Cemat.html.
This web page provides nine units of materials on character education for grades K-8. Each unit includes a focus lesson, and is often centered around literature and demonstrates character. Each unit also includes extension lessons, additional lessons and teaching resources.
Language Arts ‘Honesty’ Lesson Plan [Online]. Available: http://askeric.org/cgi.
This web page is about a lesson plan on honesty for grade 1-2 students. A list of readers is suggested for the virtue of honesty. The activities may be used as a short thematic unit for reading or language arts or social studies.
USOE Character Education Homepage [Online]. Available: http://www/usensd.org/USOE_Pages/Char_ed/lessonplans/secondary.html.
This web page designs five lessons around the life and contributions of Martha Hughes Cannon for secondary students, who will then write their personal reflection journals on qualities they admire in people who are heroes.
Values Program [Online]. Available: http://www.familyvalues.nu/sample1.html.
This web page provides sample lessons for teachers or parents to use to focus on character education by teaching values to their children or students in everyday situation. The readings include biblical examples of virtues and stories based on everyday lives.
Sammons, J. (課程講員)(？)。克服品格上最大缺失【錄像資料】。(？)：培基學院。http://homeschool.fhl.net/resource/htm。
Sammons, J. (課程講員)(？)。一項被遺忘的原則【錄像資料】。(？)：培基學院。http://homeschool.fhl.net/resource/htm。
These two videos are produced by Taiwan. They teach youngster virtues with Christian flavor. These videos can be used at schools or at homes by parents via family education.
Elkind & Sweet (producers). In Search of Character [Online]. Available: http://www.goodcharacter.com/Isoc.html.
This is a video spotlights ten core virtues that help character development of teens. The leading role ‘Dr. Mike’ with his co-host engages in lively but fun discussions with callers from around the country to explore different aspects of character.
Live Wire Media (producers). The Power of Choice [Online]. Available: http://www.livewiremedia.com/poc.html.It is a video to empower teenagers to make good choices and be responsible for their choices. This series of program stars comedian/teen counselor Michael P. exploring the topics of teen values, self-esteem, pressures, drugs and alcohol, drinking, sex, friendship and dating, depression and suicide.
(G) Web page resources 電子媒體資料
California Department of Education Character Education
A variety of resources are provided here, including reviews of character education materials, information about model programs and professional development, an annotated bibliography, and links to other character education Web sites.
Character Building Site
This is a collection of stories that can be used to teach values to youth. All of these stories are original anecdotes or brief biographies that can be shared with children at school, in family meetings, in religious classes, at scout meetings, or around the campfire.
Character Education Partnership
This web site provides eleven principles which serve as basic criteria that schools and other groups can use to plan a character education effort and to evaluate available character education programs, books, and curriculum.
Character Education Resources
This is a very powerful and helpful web site for teaching. It contains a variety of classroom resources, such as discussion questions, writing assignments, and learning activities that were designed to support the ‘In Search of Character’ video series.
It is about one school's character education program. Each month they focused on one of the 7 values: courage, loyalty, justice, respect, hope, honesty, and love.
Good Manners are Fun!
A classroom atmosphere is created in which students become excited about using their best manners. They practice good manners and use technology as a tool for their manners unit.
Helen’s Character Education Internet Resources
Role Models on the Web
This web site showcases outstanding role models to help youths and young adults to pattern their lives. These role models are unfamiliar to Hong Kong teenagers, as they include Christopher Reeve, Tiger Woods and Steven Spielberg. It highlights the section ‘Role model of the month’.
SEE Professional Development
The comprehensive approach to character education.
State University of New York College at Cortland
Center for the Fourth R (Respect) and Fifth R (Responsibility).
Strategies for Empowering Students
This is a great web site about character education as it includes lots of activities which challenge students’ minds, empower their senses of well-being, and rekindle their hearts with a commitment to values and beliefs essential to becoming and being whole individuals. The activities are divided into primary, intermediate, and upper-grade levels, each with appropriate developmental strategies.
Studies in Moral Development and Education
A critical look at character education by Alfie Kohn.
The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
It talks about early character education, why character education declined, explains the new character education and how to develop character.
The Book of Virtues
Read stories that highlight various virtues, such as honesty, compassion, self-discipline and more. This site is connected to the PBS program Adventures from the Book of Virtues.
Thomas Lickona Info
A list of Dr. Lickona’s handout related to character education.